Divorced. Beheaded. Died. Divorced. Beheaded. Survived.
Yes, in the 1st six words of Olivier Award–nominated musical Six, we learn the fate of each and every of Henry VIII’s spouses. But simply how much have you any idea about their life?
Writers Toby Marlow and Lucy Moss dug to the reputation for Tudor England together with royal court for the words for their pop music opera, and greater historical knowledge means greater admiration of this nuances in Marlow and Moss’ writing. Listed below are the CliffsNotes to assist you navigate this chapter in Uk history.
Catherine of Aragon Queen from 1509–1533The “paragon of royalty” had been the first spouse of Henry VIII. A spanish princess, she was the child of Isabelle and Ferdinand, thus the Latin beats and Spanish trumpets in her own Six mumbai women solo “No Way.” Catherine first married Arthur (Henry’s older cousin and heir apparent to your English throne) in 1501 whenever she ended up being 15. But five months after their wedding, Arthur passed away. Arthur’s daddy almost had to get back her dowry, however a King would not spend money—or alliances that are european. He married her down to his more youthful son, Henry VIII, in 1509, though Henry had been 5 years her junior. She faithfully served England, ruling as regent in 1513 whenever Henry was away in France. Nevertheless when she did not create a male heir, things got complicated. Along with her pregnancy that is fifth provided delivery to Mary (the long run Mary we of England), but Henry became preoccupied with siring a kid. He became believing that their wedding to their brother’s widow had been cursed by Jesus, or, as Catherine sings, “You state it is a shame ‘cause quoting Leviticus ‘I’ll find yourself kidiless all my entire life.’”
It’s commonly thought he utilized the Bible as a justification to divorce the princess that is spanish a want to marry her woman in waiting, Anne Boleyn. Catherine ended up being furious he cast her apart; she had tolerated his affairs (“I’ve never destroyed control regardless of how times that are many knew you lied”) as any Queen ended up being anticipated. Furthermore, Catherine maintained that she had never ever consummated her wedding to Arthur—so that is the wedding that has been null. Complicated, we realize. Because the track shows, Catherine declined an annulment, claiming until her death that she ended up being the rightful Queen. Catherine had been provided for a “nun-ry” but ultimately relocated to The greater Castle. She passed away in 1536 in the chronilogical age of 50, nevertheless keeping she ended up being the sole genuine spouse of Henry VIII.
Anne Boleyn Queen from 1533–1536Though affairs involving the King and their Queen’s feamales in waiting were common and anticipated, nobody expected him to go out of Catherine to wed Anne—the sis of their mistress that is former that. Anne spent my youth in the court associated with the Queen of France before coming back house to England to participate the court that is royal.
Anne Boleyn is actually depicted while the devious spouse, presumably plotting to dethrone Catherine—unsatisfied to be merely a mistress, “some woman in a threesome.” Henry and Anne married in key January 25, 1533; they got the Archbishop to declare Henry’s wedding to Catherine null and their marriage that is new to valid—thus breaking through the Catholic Church and starting the Church of England. Anne had been crowned queen June 1, 1533; she quickly offered delivery to a woman, the long run Elizabeth I. But after three miscarriages, Henry took a mistress that is new Jane Seymour. Needing solution to rid himself of Anne, Henry advertised that Anne had bewitched him as he ended up being hitched to Catherine. Anne maybe flirted with a few men “just to produce him jel,” but that merely resulted in accusations of incest and adultery. She had been beheaded during the Tower of London may 15, 1536, at age 35.
Fun fact: Historians think Henry VIII published “Greensleeves” for Anne Boleyn, who he had been attempting to woo. Ergo, the techno remix of “Greensleeves” in “Ex-Wives.”
Jane Seymour Queen from 1536–1537Just as Anne Boleyn overtook the lady she served, Jane Seymour was a lady-in-waiting to Queen Anne, after serving Queen Catherine. Henry VIII became betrothed to Jane one time after Anne’s execution. Jane offered delivery up to a son, Edward, in October 1537 and passed away fourteen days later on of postnatal problems. Jane is generally regarded as the favourite, as she’s the only real spouse Henry freely mourned therefore the only 1 to get a queen’s funeral, which is the reason why her song in Six is considered the most such as a energy ballad—even if it she sings that “without my son your love could fade away.” Henry VIII ended up being fundamentally hidden beside her at Windsor Castle.
Anne of Cleves Queen from January 1540–July 1540Anne of Cleves lasted just months that are sixth Queen, but she kept her head. Musician Hans Holbein younger decided to go to Germany to paint Anne and her sibling, as Henry VIII considered which will be his 4th spouse. (We understand these travels in “Haus of Holbein.”)
Nevertheless when Anne arrived after her portrait, Henry felt she “didn’t didn’t look like her profile image.” She revealed a lack that is general of, “sippin’ on mead and I also spill it on my dress,” which additionally displeased the royal. Essentially, the king made excuses for their displeasure together with her and discovered another reason to be rid of her, saying there is absolutely no way she had been a virgin if they wed. Provided an annulment, Anne stayed in benefit because of the King and sometimes checked out court through the reigns for the last two queens. She passed away in 1557.
Catherine Howard Queen from 1540–1541Catherine, better referred to as Kitty, ended up being very very very long the item of intimate attention as recommended in “All You Wanna Do.” She ended up being molested by her music instructor, Henry Mannox, as he had been 36 ( maybe maybe perhaps not 23 as Six states) and she 13. At 15, she relocated together with her grandmother, “the dowager Duchess,” and became lovers with “sexy secretary” Francis Dereham—an affair that will visited haunt her later on. Her grandmother discovered the affair and delivered her to your Tudor court.
Like her cousin, Anne Boleyn, she served as being a lady-in-waiting however in the court of Anne of Cleves. The king had been 49 yrs . old as he married the 16-year-old. However the gossips at court—some of who had witnessed her behavior with Dereham—quickly distribute term that Catherine ended up being committing adultery behind Henry’s straight back with Henry’s courtier Thomas Culpeper. Culpepper, Dereham, and Catherine had been all performed (Dereham ended up being drawn and quartered). Catherine, beheaded February 13, 1542, was hidden in a unmarked grave.
Catherine Parr Queen from 1543-1547The wife that is final of VIII lived in constant anxiety about her own execution. Ahead of her marriage to King Henry VIII, she had two husbands that are previous had been widowed both in situations. She had dropped in deep love with Thomas Seymour (Jane’s bro) before she caught the optical attention associated with the King. As well as in “I Don’t Need Your Love,her alone to save them both from the King’s wrath and certain death” she pleads with Thomas to leave.
By the right time she wed Henry, he had been 52 plus in sick wellness.
Catherine ingratiated herself into the master by being a mom to their three kids: Catherine of Aragon’s Mary, Anne Boleyn’s Elizabeth, and Jane Seymour’s Edward. She actually is the one who restored Mary and Elizabeth’s royal standing so that they might come in the type of succession.
During her reign, Catherine had been the initial queen of England and Ireland; she has also been the queen with the most diplomatic impact since Catherine of Aragon, as she served as regent when Henry traveled to France once more. Catherine ended up being an advocate of reformation into the Church, Protestantism. In reality, she published publications on prayer inside her name—and that is own was very very first Queen of England to do this. Therefore it’s real that she “fought for feminine education.” Before Henry VIII passed away 28, 1547, he instructed that she be respected as the Queen of England even after his death—which is what happened january. She stepped down through the throne whenever Prince Edward, Jane Seymour’s son, had been willing to ascend in 1547. This time around, she ended up being the main one to re-marry, to gentleman associated with court Thomas Seymour. She passed away September 5, 1548.